2017-10-18 / Religion

God makes a covenant with David

Sunday School Lesson
Rev. James Temples

2 Samuel 7

The divine plan of government for the Chosen Nation, Israel was that of a Theocracy. In this form of government, our Heavenly Father — the creator of the universe — would be King. The priests would be his earthly representatives. Over time, this system degenerated to the point that the priests were using their position as a means of advancing their own sinful lifestyle. See 1 Samuel 2:22-36.

During this time of debauchery, God began to use the young child, Samuel, to deliver divine messages. 1 Samuel 3. After the deaths of the wicked priests, this now-youngman began to be used in the divine office of prophet. At that point, his leadership replaced that of the priesthood. God, Jehovah, gave military victories under the leadership of Samuel.

As this man aged, the people approached him with a request, and reason. “Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways, now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.” 1 Samuel 8:5. The record tells us, “But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the Lord.” 1 Samuel 8:6.

God allowed the will of the people, but, eventually, to their sorrow. The humanly-chosen king led them away from God. His selfish actions led to his divine rejection, “And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee, for thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, and the Lord hath rejected thee from being king over Israel.” 1 Samuel 15:26. This divine declaration led to a time of mourning by the faithful judge. The Record is clear, “And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death, nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul, and the Lord repented that he had made Saul king over Israel.” 1 Samuel 15:35.

The king, Saul, seemed to have had no qualms in disobeying the divine directives. This attitude resulted in a divine message to the rebellious king, “But now thy kingdom shall not continue, the Lord hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the Lord hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the Lord commanded.” 1 Samuel 13:14.

At the time of the divine declaration regarding the next king of Israel, the youngest son of the man, Jesse, was busy tending sheep. Only as we look into the background do we find this young shepherd killing a bear and a lion, as he protected his sheep. These feats would become important factors in the actions that would become one of many “high points” in his life.

Even as Samuel mourned the rebellious actions of Saul, God gave him his next assignment. He was to go to the house of the man, Jesse, and anoint the next king of the Chosen Nation. Finally, the youngest son was called to the feast, and “Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren, and the spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward.” 1 Samuel 16:13a, b.

The road to the throne was not smooth. Several years passed before David was made king of that nation. The first step was his reigning over two tribes. Later, the remainder of the tribes saw the necessity of their coming under the political and spiritual umbrella of the Godanointed king. Military battles had to be fought to establish this kingdom. The ark of the covenant was returned to Jerusalem, and worship was re-established.

The Holy Spirit (2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:21) recorded, “And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies; That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.” 2 Samuel 7:1. The response of the prophet was direct and simple, “Go, do all that is in thine heart, for the Lord is with thee.” 2 Samuel 7:3.

This well-devised plan was not that which God desired. Our Heavenly Father sent a special message to the king. The prophet, Nathan, again, was the messenger. The son of David would build this house. The record shows us that David prepared much material for this yet-to-be-built structure. He was, also given the plans for this project.

The message to the king contained words that extended wellbeyond the lifetime of David, “And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee, thy throne shall be established for ever.” 2 Samuel 7:16.

After the message had been given by Nathan, “Then went king David in, and sat before the Lord.” 2 Samuel 7:18a. His words showed grateful heart and a humble spirit,” and he said, Who am I, O Lord (Adonai) God (Jehovah)? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto? And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord God; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant’s house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord God? And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord God, knowest thy servant.” 2 Samuel 7:18b-20.

The words of personal commitment expressed by David closed with a prayer for the future. “And now, O Lord God, thou art that God (Elohim), and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant, Therefore now let it please the to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord God hast spoken it, and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed forever.” 2 Samuel 7:28, 29.

Through this family, Jesus Christ of Nazareth would be born. The Messiah of Israel is the Savior of the world. Have you accepted him as the Lord of your life? If not, please ask him to be your personal Savior. John 3:16.

Rev. James C. Temples’ Sunday School Lesson has appeared in the Early County News each week since 1967. A native of Early County, Rev. Temples taught in public schools 32 years and 10 years at Southeastern College of Assemblies of God, in Lakeland, Fla. He also served as pastor and evangelist during those years. He can be contacted at P. O. Box 1484, Swainsboro, GA 30401; 478- 299- 2068. Email: temples_ james@ yahoo. c om. Temples

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